The space left by a missing tooth is not only an esthetic problem but also can create oral health issues. That’s why in dentistry there are a lot of options to solve this problem; there are for example the dental implants in Tijuana which can offer a comfortable, natural-looking solution. You may want to know how they work, how many different types of implant exist, how dentists place them and the factors that influence whether a patient is a good candidate.
Basis of Dental Implants
A dental implant is a device that is placed into a patient’s jawbone. There are three pieces to a conventional implant: the fixture, an abutment, and a crown. The fixture has a screw-like appearance. It is implanted into the space left by the missing tooth’s root and fuses with the bone that surrounds it.
The abutment is a small piece that is placed over the top of the fixture. While the fixture remains below the gum line and thus unseen, the abutment lies above the gum’s surface. It is typically placed several months following implantation of the fixture.
The crown is a cap that is placed on the abutment. It is usually made of porcelain, metal, or a blend of both. The crown is fabricated in a laboratory to match the color of the patient’s other teeth.
There are two broad categories of implants: endosteal and subperiosteal implants. In the case of endosteal implants, these are those that are placed in the patient’s jawbone, similar to the natural root of a tooth. These are the most common form of implants used today. The patient’s bone must be broad and deep enough to support the fixture. Bone grafts are necessary.
Subperiosteal implants are used when the patient’s bone lacks sufficient width or depth. These devices are placed on top of the gum line and anchored by a unique metal frame. The structure is implanted beneath the surface of the gums.
In most cases, an implant can be placed with a local anesthetic. Once the area has been numbed, the dentist makes a few incisions into the gum line. The gums are peeled back to expose the jawbone.
Once the dentist has identified the target location of the implant, a hole is made into the bone. A series of drills are used to widen and shape the hole in preparation to receive the implant. The dentist will confirm the width and shape before inserting the fixture.
With the fixture installed, the gums are repositioned over the entry site and sutured. The sutures are typically removed within a week, assuming the patient heals well.
Four to six months following implantation of the fixture, the abutment and crown are placed. The months leading up to this procedure allow the jawbone and gum line to heal, and allow the fixture to fuse with the bone. The gums are peeled back to expose the top of the fixture, and the abutment is placed on top of it. Then, the crown is placed on top of the abutment.
Who Is A Good Candidate For Dental Implants?
Candidacy for the treatment is based on several criteria, including the patient’s overall health, existing medical conditions, and habits that might lower the likelihood of success just smoking is the biggest concern since it tends to compromise the density and quality of the bone. Teeth grinding is also a concern.
There are other options for replacing missing teeth, including dentures and bridges. But dental implants remain one of the most popular of all.